Oude Pekela Menu Close Menu
something briefly about myself, my name is Pieter de Boer, am 55 years old, born and raised in Oude Pekela at the Ericalaan, also called Smalpadje.
Pekela (dialect: Pekel) (inhabitants per May 31, 2018: 12 229, source: CBS) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Groningen. The municipality covers an area of 50.22 km². Pekela created by the merging of Oude Pekela and Nieuwe Pekela 1 January 1990. For several years pekela officially merged with Veendam. The official organization is called De Kompanjie.
|Flag of the municipality Pekela||Arm of the municipality Pekela|
Pekela is a typical peat colonial municipality. The history of the municipality gives a nice example of the different development phases of the average peat colony. But there is also a history that goes back to before the period that the peat has formed. At de Hoetmansmeer, excavations have been made that point out that in the area around the Pekel A there was human habitation some 7,000 years ago.
The name Pekela is usually derived from brine ('salt or brackish water') with the word A ('river, watercourse'). Due to the break-in of the Dollard, the mouth of the river that had flowed from the high moor into the sea was salinizing. According to a sixteenth-century tradition, in 1418 for the first time the effect of ebb and flood between Winschoten and Blijham was noticeable.
The history of Pekela begins with the construction of the castle the Pekelborg deposit by Groningen around 1482. The historian Sicke Benninge speaks around 1530 the conclusion by the Pekell. In 1482 mentions de Pekelbrugge and land on the Pekelham ('a corner land at the Pekel'), in 1483 the Peeckelborch, in 1522 the way via the Pekelmoer, in 1536 the Peckelmoir and until 1566 the river is Pekell Ae mentioned. Meanwhile, the inhabitants of the Winschoter Zuiderveen had already started digging and selling turf, discharged from the Pekel A. In Emden, peat from the Wold-Oldambt was brought in 1514. Later there are many more messages.
The history of the present village of Oude Pekela started in 1599 when some Dutch and Frisian merchants the Pekelcompagnie founding and sole peatlands along Pekel A in bourtange moor purchases to exploit this for peat extraction. In the years thereafter, the city of Groningen purchases virtually all the land and the peat extraction is taking up on a large scale.
The reclamation goes from the bottom up, in other words, it starts at the lower reaches of the Pekel A and then goes to the south. The further south you come the more the Pekel A is channeled. Eventually this becomes the Pekelder Hoofddiep.
The city of Groningen determine that the region may not only serve for peat extraction. The peat cutters are obliged to set up the land for agriculture after excavation. The city thereby makes the city mud available as a fertilizer. The land remains in the hands of the city and is issued in an adapted form of the right to insist. The tenants are therefore called city masters.
The transport is largely over the water. This stimulates both shipbuilding and shipping. Pekela develops with Veendam to the center of the Veenkoloniale shipping.
At the beginning of the 18th century, the elongated village was divided into the two separate villages: Oude Pekela (until then called 'Beneden Pekela') and Nieuwe Pekela ('Boven Pekela').
In agriculture, rye and oats are primarily the main crops, but the soil turns out to be poor. From 1870 on, the factory potato was massively switched. This stimulates the creation of the processing industry. This creates the characteristic straw cardboard industry in Oude Pekela, which is closer to the granary of the Oldambt.
From the sixties of the last century the decline begins. Agriculture is sending more and more personnel, the industry is becoming increasingly mechanized. With the necessary reorganisations in Pekela several times it comes to fierce strike actions in which the foreman of the former CPN Fré Meis, born in Oude Pekela, plays a major role. However, he can not stop the decline of the industry.